Research Studies, Articles, and Book Excerpts in the PACE Recovery Reader

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Overview of the PACE/Recovery Approach
Historical Perspective on Recovery
Long-term Outpatient Studies of Recovery
Cross-Cultural Perspectives
Consumer Empowerment
Alternative Settings Promoting Recovery
Clinical Approaches to Recovery
Additional references and further reading


Ahern, L., & Fisher, D. (2001). Recovery at Your Own PACE (Personal Assistance in Community Existence). Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services, 39(4), 22-32.


Grob, Gerald N. (1994). Excerpted from: The Mad Among Us: A History of the Care of American’s Mentally Ill. New York: Free Press, Simon and Schuster.


Kraeplin, Emil, (1896). Psychiatrie. Leipzig: Barth.

Bleuler, Manfred (1974). “The long-term course of the schizophrenic psychoses.” Psychological Medicine, 4, 244-254.

Harding, C.M., Brooks, G.W., Ashikaga, T., Strauss, J.S., & Brier, A. (1987). “The Vermont Longitudinal Study of Persons with Severe Mental Illness, I: Methodology, Study Sample, and Overall Status 32 Years Later.” American Journal of Psychiatry, 144(6), 718-726.

DeSisto, M., Harding, C.M., McCormick, R.V., Ashikaga, T., & Brooks, G.W. (1995). “The Maine and Vermont Three-Decade Studies of Serious Mental Illness. I. Matched Comparison of Cross-Sectional Outcome, and II. Longitudinal Course Comparisons.” British Journal of Psychiatry, 167, 338-342.


Burton-Bradley, B.G. (1969). “Papua and New Guinea Transcultural Psychiatry. II. The First One Thousand Referrals.” Australia and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 3, 130-136.

Jablensky, A., Sartorius, N., Ernberg, G., Anker, M., Korten, A., Cooper, J.E.,Day, R., and Bertelsen, A. (1992). “Schizophrenia: Manifestations, Incidence and Course in Different Cultures. A World Health Organization Ten-Country Study.” Psychological Medicine Monograph Supplement 20. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.


Chamberlin, J. (2002). Excerpted from: On Our Own: Patient-Controlled Alternatives to the Mental Health System (3rd ed.) Lawrence, MA: National Empowerment Center, Inc.

Chamberlin, J. (1996). “Confessions of a Non-Compliant Patient.” Address at Mental Illness Awareness Day Conference, October 4, 1996, Melville, NY.

Chamberlin, J. (1997). “A Working Definition of Empowerment.” Psychiatric Rehabilition Journal, 20(40, 43-46.

Davidson, L., & Strauss, J. (1992). “Sense of Self in Recovery from Severe Mental Illness.” British Journal of Medical Psychology, 65, 131-145.

McGlashan, T. & and Keats, C. (1989). Excerpted from: Schizophrenia: Treatment, Process and Outcome. Washington: American Psychiatric Press.

Romme, M., & Escher, S. “Empowering People Who Hear Voices.” In Haddock, G. and Slade, P. (Eds.) (1996), Cognitive Behavioral Interventions with Psychotic Disorders. New York: Routledge, 137-150.


Harding, C.M., & Zahniser, J.H. (1994). “Empirical Correction of Seven Myths about Schizophrenia with Implications for Treatment.” Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 90 (Suppl. 384), 140-146.

Chittick, R.A., Brooks, G.W., & Irons, F.S. (1961). Excerpted from: The Vermont Story: Rehabilitation of Chronic Schizophrenic Patients. Burlington, VT: Vermont State Hospital.

Mosher, L.R. (1999). “Soteria and Other Alternatives to Acute Psychiatric Hospitalization: A Personal and Professional Review.” Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 187, 142-149.

Perry, J.W. (1974). Excerpted from: The Far Side of Madness. Dallas, TX: Spring Publications.

Ciompi, L., Dauwalker, H-P., Maier, C., Aebi, E., Trutsch, K., Kupper, Z., Rujtishauser, C. (1992). “The Pilot Project ‘Soteria Berne’: Clinical Experiences and Results.” British Journal of Psychiatry, 161 (Supp. 18), 145-153.


Rogers, Carl A. (1961). Excerpted from: On Becoming a Person. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.

Blueler, Manfred (1987). Forward to G. Benedetti, Psychotherapy of Schizophrenia, New York: New York University Press.

Kingdon, D., & Turkington, D. (1994). Excerpted from: Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy of Schizophrenia. NY: Guilford Press.

Gendlin, E.T. (1966). “Research in Psychotherapy with Schizophrenic Patients and the Nature of that ‘Illness.'” American Journal of Psychotherapy, 20(1), 4-16.

Karon, Bertram & VandenBos, G.R., (1981). Excerpted from: Psychotherapy of Schizophrenia: The Treatment of Choice. New York and London: Jason Aronson.

Blanch, A., Fisher, D., Tucker, W., Walsh, D., and Chassman, J. (1993). “Consumer-Practioners and Psychiatrists Share Insights about Recovery and Coping”. Disabilities Studies Quarterly, 13, 17-20.

These articles are published with permission in A PACE/Recovery READER
available from the National Empowerment Center  (Order here)

Additional references and further reading are available in:

PACE A Recovery Guide, also Available in PDF format (free)

PACE Recovery through Peer Support